Privacy International publica informe mundial sobre el secreto de las fuentes de información de los periodistasPosted: noviembre 9th, 2007 | Author: ppalazzi | Filed under: Colombia, Público en general, Venezuela | Tags: Uruguay | No Comments »
Privacy International acaba de presentar un completo informe sobre el secreto de las fuentes de información de los periodistas y su regulación a nivel mundial. El informe cubre 150 jurisdicciones y se elaboró a lo largo de un año por David Banisar.
A continuación encontrarán el comunicado de prensa de PI.
*For immediate release – 9 November 2007*
New “global study”:http://www.privacyinternational.org/silencingsources shows widespread adoption of protections; continuing problems with national security, searches, wiretapping
The first ever comprehensive “global study of protection of journalists’ sources”:http://www.privacyinternational.org/silencingsources has found that there is widespread legal recognition of the right around the world. Approximately 100 countries have adopted sources protection laws which allow journalists to keep promises to confidential sources that their identities will not be revealed.
The recognition of the need for legal protections has been growing. In the past few years, new laws have been adopted in many countries including Belgium, Mexico, Switzerland, New Zealand, Australia, Angola, Luxembourg and El Salvador. It is now also recognized by nearly all major international bodies including the UN, Council of Europe, African Union, Organization for American States and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
The most significant problems are found in those countries lacking a specific law. The US, Canada, the Netherlands and Ireland are noteworthy as having no specific legal protections. Many journalists have been fined or jailed for not revealing their sources.
However, in many jurisdictions, protections are being undermined by the regular use of search warrants on media offices and journalists’ homes because few have specific legal protections on media-related searches. Protections are also being undercut in many countries by the use of legal and illegal surveillance. The adoption of “data retention” laws will seriously weaken protections by allowing authorities easy access to journalists communications data.
National security claims are also diminishing protections. There have been numerous cases where journalists have been arrested, prosecuted or harassed for disclosure of information under state secrets laws. New Anti-terrorism laws adopted in numerous countries have given authorities extensive powers to demand assistance from journalists, intercept communications, and gather information.
The study is available at “http://www.privacyinternational.org/silencingsources”:http://www.privacyinternational.org/silencingsources
*Note to editors:*
1. The report reviewed the situation in over 150 countries. It was conducted over a 12 month period from September 2006 to September 2007. The project was funded by the Network Media Program of the Open Society Foundation, London.
2. *Privacy International* was formed in 1990 as a privacy, human rights and civil liberties watchdog. It has been at the forefront of research and public education on issues ranging from biometrics and identity cards, police systems and national security arrangements, Internet censorship, cybercrime and communications surveillance to freedom of information and media rights. It has organised campaigns and initiatives in more than fifty countries. More information is available at http://www.privacyinternational.org/ .
*David Banisar* is the Director of the Freedom of Information Project of Privacy International. He is also a visiting research fellow at the School of Law of the University of Leeds and a former fellow at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.